Integrating Quotes Into Paper

1137 Words Apr 1st, 2013 5 Pages
Tips on Introducing Quotes
General Principles Writers use quotations for a variety of purposes: to argue with another author’s definition of a term, to provide statistical evidence or testimony to validate a claim; to present the reader with a statement we wish to refute or discuss in detail. If writers overdo and include too many quotations in a research essay, readers will form the negative impression that the authors of those sources are more authoritative than the writer of the research paper. Often the voices of those authorities drown out the writer’s voice, in a sense taking over authorship of the paper. Writers should use direct quotations only when the source’s words are particularly relevant, powerful, and/or an extremely
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. .” ( page ). As Flora Davis has noted, “. . .” ( ). The Gardners, Washoe’s trainers, point out that “ . . .” ( ). “ . . . ,” claims Noam Chomsky ( ). Terrance answers these objections with the following analysis: “ . . .” ( ). Introductory clauses and phrases should always be logical and grammatical: NOT—In Smith’s essay, he says “ . . .” In Smith’s essay, it says “ . . . ”, or Smith’s essay states “. . . ”, BUT—In his essay, Smith states “. . . ” When introducing a quote, add information about the author that will either establish his/her expertise or question his/her credibility or motives: Smith, president of the NSS, argues that “. . . ” Jones, who seems to make a career out of disagreeing with Smith, has this to say: “. . .” The same strategy can be used to characterize a publication: “The National Review, a publication well known for its conservative stance, includes Smith’s opinions on a regular basis.”

Introducing Quotes with Interesting Verbs Verbs can be used to introduce summaries, paraphrases, and quotations that indicate the author’s point of view on the topic, thus adding to the writer’s rhetorical power. In the sentence “Smith __________ that the flood might have been disastrous,” filling in the blank with observes, finds, or insists would create different meanings.

Author is neutral comments describes explains illustrates notes observes points out records relates reports says sees

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