Interaction Between The Roman And Celtic Civilizations

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Interaction between the Roman and Celtic civilizations

Between 750 BC and 12 BC the Celts were the most powerful people in Northern central Europe. The Celts consisted of a number of tribes that all spoke a similar common language as well as sharing common elements of culture and art but were not a cohesive group like the Romans or Egyptians. The Celts were widely spread through Europe from the British Isles to Galatia more commonly known today as Austria, Switzerland, southern France and Spain, these areas consisted of multiple different political organisations ruled by various leaders. North west Europe was inhabited by three main Celtic groups; The Gauls who lived in ancient France, Britons who lived in Great Britain and Gaels who lived in Ireland. The Celts were first mentioned in Greek written sources around 500 BC when they were referred to as Keltoi. Other sources such as those of the Romans also mention the Celtic groups for example texts from Alexander the Great. When the Romans invaded and Conquered Europe most of Celtic culture, history and technology was destroyed, the only elements surviving were those such as their language.

Much if not all of the interaction between the Romans and Celts was based on conflict, battles and wars between the two groups occurred frequently, generally as a result of one group wanting the others resources, land and slaves, as well as riches such as, iron, lead, zinc, copper, silver and gold. Conflict first began between the
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