Intergovernmental Relations

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In Partial Fulfillment of the Course for: Public Administration (PA-101-02) Fall 2010 A Critique of: Introducing Public Administration 7th Edition Chapter 4: Intergovernmental Relations Presented to: Adjunct Instructor William W. Johnson, Sr. By: Francis Christopher Cincotti Introducing Chapter 4, the author explains how federalism is a fundamental part of U.S government and how it gives equal power to both national and state governments. “History indicates clearly that the principal factor in the formation of federal systems of government has been a common external threat.” The authors’ quote informs the reader that people have always been weary of a strong, national government and that there is always a constant…show more content…
Federal governments defines that power is shared between national and state governments to run the country. Confederations defines that the power lies in the individual state and that the central government has a limited role in forming policy. While each form has its advantages, they also have their weaknesses and imperfections that hamper one form from besting the other. Unitary governments have the entire power lie in the larger groups while Federal and Confederation governments tend to have legislative pass at a slow rate. Whichever the case, a public administrator must sometimes switch between the three categories in order to accomplish and suit the needs of the people they are serving at the time. Without delegating between the three, government policy can and will fall into either extreme. Federalism defines many roles of power, relationships, and structure in government and how a federal system is an ever changing form of government. In the United States, the government has gone through many phases of federalism and each phase has brought both good and bad aspects of government policy with them. Dual Federalism defined that national and state governments pretend that they were functionally separate and working independently, but not against each other. Cooperative Federalism has an interstate dimension, as participatory programs were undertaken among several states and the federal government. Creative Federalism gave
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