Internal And External Factors Of Organizational Change

1238 WordsAug 24, 20145 Pages
Internal and External Factors of Resistance to Organizational Change 1. Introduction: Organizational change has been defined as a planned alteration in the normal patterns or activities within an organization, which is initiated from a position of authority and intended to improve the organizational effectiveness (Argyris, 1970). Resistance has been defined as any act designed or implemented to inhibit progress toward organizational change (Coch and French, 1948). The general view of factors that affect resistance to change developed out of a need to understand organizational dynamics and improve organizational effectiveness (Coch and French, 1948). Previous research identifies a wide variety of factors that affect resistance to change (Gray, 1984). This paper makes an attempt to discuss in detail important and most commonly reported factors that cause individual’s resistance to change. 2. Factors of Resistance to Organizational Change 1. 1 Lack of knowledge and understanding: Miller et al., (1994), Del Val and Fuentes (2003) and Oreg (2006), one of the most important factor responsible for the individuals resistance to change is lack of understanding regarding purpose, process and consequence of the organizational change. As a result of lack of knowledge sometimes individuals will oppose even the changes that in fact promote their self interest. According these studies, in circumstances when individuals have no sufficient knowledge about the cause and consequence of

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