Internal and External Factor of International Human Resource Management

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Introduction The rapid pace of Globalization has led to a change in the global economy during the past several decades; it is believe that factors such as trade liberalisation, access to cheaper labour and resources, similarity of consumer demand around the world, and advances in technology and communication has widened the market of consumption, investment as well as production on a global scale. These globalization driven factors created new challenges and global competition for businesses around the world thus as a response many companies decided to expand their operation across national borders in order to be competitive. A company that operates their business in at least one country other than its country is called Multinational…show more content…
Managing HR in MNC is different from the way the HR is being managed in the country, According to Morgan (1986) there are three factors that differentiate between IHRM and domestic HR: First, the countries of operations such as the -country where a subsidiary may be located, the host-country where the subsidiaries are located, and other countries. Second, the different types of employee, in international environment the HR management have to deal with the host-country nationals (HCNs), expatriates or home-country nationals (PCNs) and third country nationals (TCNs), for example if L’Oreal hired an Indonesian employee in their Indonesian subsidiary the employee is a HCNs, and when manager from L’Oreal Headquarter in France came to work in Indonesian subsidiary the manager is a PCNs, and if L’Oreal employs manager neither from Indonesia nor France to work in their Indonesian subsidiary the manager is TCNs. Third, is the way HR practices (eg. staffing, compensation, training, and etc) are conducted. Although IHR practices seems to have the same activities as domestic HR, in IHR the manager will be dealing with different environment and diversity of employees from different cultural background. Moreover, as mentioned earlier dissimilarities between domestic and international HR management mostly due to profound differences between host and home countries in term of culture,
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