International Adoption: A Global Problem or a Global Solution?

2642 Words11 Pages
The number of international adoption has increased over the years. It now involves the transfer of more than 40.000 children annually (van Londen et al. 2007, 1249). Some people believe that intercountry adoption can be assumed as an appropriate solution for the problem of orphans because it provides underprivileged children with parental love and it gives them an opportunity to avoid problem of socialization that orphan children usually do have. On the other hand international adoption is criticized by others because of the loss of culture and the disturbance of identity formation that adoptees do suffer from. In addition, international adoption is often used in relation to the child trafficking. This paper will discuss whether adoption…show more content…
The collapse of the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries has brought an influx of children from that region (Wilkinson 1995, 175). At the present time international adoption became widely-distributed option of transfer and incorporation of children. There are several reasons of the increase of interest of people in international adoption. The main cause of the growth of intercountry adoption is higher rates of infertility among couples and the childlessness of single adults. According to Agrillo and Nelini, there are 8.9% of childless families in the US, the biggest international adopting country in the World (2008). Moreover, Insurmountable obstacles of domestic adoption, such as an interference of birth parents and limited availability of younger children provide additional encouragement because in many cases the adoption of infants is forbidden by local governments (Winkler 2007, 189). The humanitarian impulse to rescue a foreign child and less strict eligibility requirements in the international context provide additional encouragement could be assumed as another reason of the increase of international adoption.

It is obvious that all the children all over the World have the right to have parents. However, there is a significant number of children deprived of parental care and as UNICEF states, “every child has the right to grow up in a family
Get Access