International Classification Of Functioning, Disability And Health

1285 Words Apr 7th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, also know more commonly as ICF was originally proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for trial purposes in 1980 and was known as the International Classification of Impairment, Disability and Handicap (ICIDH) (reference). The ICIDH aimed to provide a cohesive and consistent language tool for the classification of the consequences of disease and the implications for the individuals involved (reference). However, as times changed and more was understood about the individuality in which people cope with disabilities and the relationship that exists between the interaction of a person’s environment and their wellbeing, various revisions of the ICIDH were put forth, each more holistic in nature focusing on the individual’s situation and circumstances as a whole with less fixation solely on the biomedical impairment that afflicted them.

Consequently, in 2001 the World Health Organization (WHO) approved The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), a holistic approach for the identification of structural, environmental and personal characteristics that affect the functionality of a person. This classification system for the understanding of functionality and human disability demonstrated a shift from the disease-based approach of the ICIDH to an enabling approach that prioritizes functionality as a component of health, as well as taking into consideration…
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