International Conventions On Child Rights

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INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS ON CHILD RIGHTS AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATION IN INDIA TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 Legal Definition of a ‘Child’ 1 International Law with regard to Children 2 International Instruments 2 Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 1924 2 Declaration of the Rights of the Child, 1959 3 Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989 3 Implementation in India 5 Current Legal Framework in India 5 Policies and Plans 6 National Policy on Education, 1986 6 National Policy on Child Labour, 1987 6 National Plan of Action for Children, 1992 6 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) 7 National Initiative for Child Protection (NICP) 7 Analysis of Implementation 7 Child Rights in Indian Courts 8 Conclusion – The Challenges Ahead 9 INTRODUCTION Indian law, policy and practice of child welfare have undergone a significant change from a historical perspective. From customs expecting the wellbeing of children to be based on values and morals, we have evolved to a system where the child is a rights-bearer and a recipient of welfare measures. This is because of the manner in which India has imbibed certain international principles with regard to child rights This paper will seek to explore the relationship between international conventions which spell out on a universal basis what children’s rights are all about and their implementation in the Indian system of child welfare. The paper will begin by trying to legally define the term “child”, since children are the
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