International Governance: The United Nations Essays

1690 Words 7 Pages
It is often argued that the single consistent, unifying factor of governance throughout the history of mankind has been war. In our contemporary society and nearly every civilization that has preceded it, warfare has pertained to governance as governance has pertained to warfare—whether as a diplomatic last resort, or as a means for implementing imperial, territorial expansion. Yet, when applied on the international level, the question arises: by what authority is the right to govern granted? If war is a means to this authority, is it through the blind, tumultuous, violent struggle for power, or is it grounded in a universal moral absolute? Put another way, do we assert that governance is determined by arbitrary might or by absolute right? …show more content…
The Charter itself was created primarily from proposals determined by representatives from China, the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom. It was established largely in reaction to the failure of preceding organizations such as the League of Nations to prevent war, in addition to the catastrophic destruction caused by WWI and WWII (UN, “History”). The Charter outlines four principle purposes for all members of the UN: “1) to maintain international peace and security; 2) to develop friendly relations among nations; 3) to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights; 4) and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations” (UN, “Brief”). Today, the UN is composed of 192 countries , including the United States. All agree to adhere to the regulations of the Charter upon becoming member states. The structure of the UN as outlined by the Charter is complex, and for the sake of brevity I will only mention one internal component: the Security Council. According to the United Nations’ website, this group is responsible for implementing global peace, and consists of 15 members. Ten of these are elected temporarily, and the other 5—China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the
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