International Law Aids Conflict Resolution

1270 Words Jun 20th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction International law sets out principles in respect to a state’s legal relationship with other states in many areas including transnational crimes, state boundaries, oceans, and world trade to name a few. Without international law, chaos and tension could develop. Disputes are unavoidable when there are overlapping jurisdictional claims over the sovereignty of a particular area. The recent escalation of tensions in the East and South China Seas has directed attention to the likelihood of an armed conflict in the region. The purpose of this essay is to identify how international law aids conflict resolution in respect to the disputed territory in South and East Asia Seas. Focussing mainly on the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS Convention) , the essay will then examine the key dispute resolution mechanisms provided in the Convention and highlight its effect to resolving the disputes.
Setting the context
The South China Sea is one of the world’s busiest shipping routes, as much as 50 per cent of the global oil tankers shipments pass through its waters. It also holds rich fishing stock and large oil and gas reserves. The territorial dispute over the group of islands is considered to be one of the most complex political and legal dispute in Asia as it involves the concept of sovereignty. The geographical nature of the area in dispute has been categorised as a semi-enclosed sea which is surrounded by China, Taiwan and most of the ASEAN…
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