International Law And National Levels

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Introduction All through the most recent four decades, coordinated endeavours have been taken by states at universal, local and national levels to address natural difficulties postured far and wide. Amidst this period, global understandings have been made running from the "marine environment to space and from species conservation to assurance of the ozone layer". In addition, the author peddled that this period has additionally seen the foundation of new global establishments which have reinforced endeavours towards tending to the difficulties postured by natural concerns. Remarkably, the United Nations Environment Program ( 'UNEP ') and the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development ( 'UNCSD ') are two conspicuous bodies…show more content…
Thereafter, the author will provide a critical analysis of the various laws and the compliance and enforcement mechanisms available to discern whether or not they are effective. The author of this essay shall subsequently conclude by arguing that international environmental laws have not been very effective due to the non-binding nature of many of the procedures put in place. The Sources of International Environmental Law and the Enforcement Mechanisms According to the author, sources of international environmental law are essentially the “same as those from which all international law emanates”, because international environmental law is simply a branch of international law. The sources of law fall into two broad categories, namely hard and soft law. The former are comprised of treaties / conventions, customary international law, case law, inter alia, and the latter - soft-law – are comprised of “non-binding declarations, codes, guidelines, or recommended principles”. The Establishment of International Environmental Law The author predicates that, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (‘UNCHE’) was established in 1972 with the purpose of establishing “common principles to inspire and guide the peoples of the world in the preservation and enhancement of the human environment”. Subsequently, the author posits that these efforts were aimed at
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