International Laws And Its Effects On Public Health

1052 Words5 Pages
Patents have always been a burning topic of discussion due to its mixed response in the human society. Some people eulogize patents at the same time some criticize it for the impact on public health. Companies that develop and market patented drug always commends about the essential benefits of developing drugs to the society. In contrast, consumer always complains about the patents being the rationale behind unreasonably high price of the life-saving drugs and its limited access. Although there is a continuous debate pertaining to this matter, International laws has made the patent mandatory. This law governs only for those countries who are the members of the World Trade Organization and falls under the WTO side agreement known as…show more content…
These information includes their scientific, legal and commercial aspects corresponding to patent requirements. Second part of the book is more focused on international legal system related to global access to medicine. Finally, the third part of book, which emphasis on the change over time brought about into the legal system pertaining to the patent right to make the medicine easily accessible globally. First chapter tells us about the drug development process. This chapter illustrates the difference between patented and generic drugs, how they are made, approved and sold in market. Further, this chapter explains the legal formalities related to the protection of these drugs and different laws of countries pertaining to the marketing of these drugs. Second chapter is based on the basic concepts of patent rights. This chapter has tried to explain the preexisting beliefs of some countries related to international patent laws. Most of the beliefs were concerning the operational model of patent-owning pharmaceutical companies, which according to them isolate themselves to maximize their own profit by acting as monopoly. They also talked on the issue related to international exhaustion and parallel importation i.e. the supply of the patented product available in one country to be imported to other country without breaching patent law. Chapter three explains the formation of TRIPS as the stepping stone of all the international laws
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