International Organization For Standardization : Ehr

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1. Introduction 1.1 Background Information on EHR In recent years, there has been a growing interest in EHR adoption in many countries this is due to an increasing recognition that a stronger health information technology (HIT) is crucial to achieve a higher quality care at lower costs. EHR has been identified to be an important integral part of an efficient health care information system that guarantees positive health outcomes (Cline & Luiz, 2013; Institute of Medicine [IOM] 2003). According to the International Organization for Standardization ([ISO], 2005), EHR is defined as a repository of patient data in digital form, stored and exchanged securely, and accessible by multiple authorized users. It contains retrospective, concurrent, and prospective information and its primary purpose is to support continuing, efficient, and quality integrated health. Many studies conducted in different health care settings have indicated that EHR will assist health professionals to reduce medical errors, achieve better effective care coordination, improve safety and quality, and also, it can reduce health care costs (Ash & Bates, 2005; Blaya, Fraser, & Holt, 2010; Castelnuovo et al., 2012; Ford, Menachemi, Peterson, & Huerta, 2009; Menachemi, Ford, Beitsch, & Brooks, 2007, Oluoch, et al., 2012). Healthcare systems, like all business entities, are information-intensive enterprises ( Shortliffe &Cimino, 2014). Healthcare workers require adequate data and information management tools to
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