International Politics : International Political System

1435 WordsFeb 6, 20156 Pages
International Politics Essay The international political system is often described by the field of international relations in terms of the distribution of power within the system or in terms of political polarity. From this, different types of international political systems emerge, ranging from a unipolar system which is characterized by domination by a single nation to a multipolar system which is characterized by influence being held by multiple nations. • Unipolar system A single nation, under a unipolar type of political system, wields most of the economic, cultural and political influence in the international system. William C. Wohlforth, a Georgetown international relations scholar, writes that since the end of the cold war in early 1990s and also the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States of America has since emerged as the world’s last reigning superpower, holding social and political power of a higher degree in the current/modern international system. The Mongol Empire and the Roman Empire serve as the best historical examples of empires or states that have exercised unipolar dominance over others in their worlds. • Bipolar system Under a bipolar type of political system, two rival states tend to hold most economic, cultural and political influence over other states in the world. The two rivals will develop the spheres of influence under such a system. From the end of World War two to the early 1990s, during the Cold War era, the Soviet Union and the
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