International Relations During Cold War Era

1052 Words Dec 1st, 2015 5 Pages
“Title Needed”
Conceptual Framework
Nuclear Parity as a concept started prevailing in International relations in Cold War era. According to the Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms by US Department of Defense (2005):
“Nuclear parity is a given condition at a given point in time when opposing forces possess nuclear offensive and defensive systems approximately equal in over all combat effectiveness”.
As a theoretical concept it is regarding keeping a equilibrium in balance in power, weaponry and in context of this piece nuclear arsenals. Nuclear Deterrence cannot be achieved without nuclear parity. A state can deterred an offense proficiently if it has equal power to retaliate. This is the basic concept of Balance of Power in global politics. International system runs on Realism and Realists believe on power. This race regarding sustaining a balance of power can be observed in whole Cold War era.
Historical Perspective
World War II ended with the US Nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Tokyo in 1945. US emerged as sole nuclear power in post war era. This gives a sense of uneasiness to its alliances specifically Soviet Union (USSR). Through this step US wanted to become the Ruler of Game. US superiority in nuclear weaponry became the core reason of Cold War. To cope up with US nuclear capability, USSR developed its own nuclear armaments and delivery system. In 1960s US has the upper hand with around almost 30,000 nuclear arsenals. USSR has the policy of “Limited targets”…
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