International Relations Essay

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Introduction: At the end of WWII in 1945, Western Europe and arguably the entire world looked to the United States for a recovery plan. Great Britain was loosing control over its colonies, France and Germany had been destroyed by the war, and the Soviet Union was gaining power. This put the United States in a position of power, the question that arises with this is, does the United States try to gain control as the hegemonic power in the international system? Is there a real necessity in the region of the Middle East to gain the hegemonic power in terms of U.S national interest/security? International Relation realists would say of course there is. Within the discipline of International Relations there are several paradigms and…show more content…
These three factors all interact in several cases to support the conclusion that the post-WWII United States was in fact trying to gain control as the hegemonic power which supports the Realist claim that states are self-interested power seeking rational actors. Regionalism: Intro: Regionalism can mean two different things; in one sense of the word it is the joining of states in a geographic region to form a relationship whether it be an alliance or just an acknowledgment that each other’s policies will affect one another. In the other sense of the word it is a concept of how to view the world. An example of this would be Spiegel’s quotation of Greek foreign minister, Dora Bakoyannis, “ In the Middle East, there is no way of definitely solving an issue while ignoring the others, This is why we need an integrated strategy for dealing with the Middle East as a whole….” In this case I will be examining the first situation, the cooperation of several states in a geographical region, and how it impacted U.S foreign policy toward the region. According to Hinnebusch, a state’s geopolitical position specifically defines the threats and opportunities it faces. Thus, a states power position in the regional system is shaped by its resources, size of territory and population, and the strategic importance or vulnerability of its location, shapes its ambitions. Therefore small states are more
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