International Relations : Hy 400 : Crisis Decision Making

2623 Words11 Pages
Department of International History
MSc History of International Relations

HY 400: Crisis Decision Making in War and Peace, 1914-2003

Essay 1

Why did France occupy Ruhr in 1923 but agree in 1924 to withdraw?

Anastasia Chartomatsidi
LSE ID Number: 201424477

The Ruhr occupation by France in 1923 was a product of a series of events, whose beginnings could be found in the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. France, because of its need to secure its borders with its former Great War foe, Germany, and in fear of that the reparations, as they had been dictated by Versailles treaty, would not be paid, invaded the area of Ruhr on January 11, 1923, along with Belgium. The passive resistance shown by the Germans, alongside with the unfavourable to the occupation Great Britain’s and USA’s attitude, led to the Dawes’ Plan in 1924 and its implementation. Dawes’ Plan was confirmed by the London Conference during July and August in 1924, and led to the evacuation of Ruhr by France and Belgium in 1924.
At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the Allied victors had to decide the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers. The questions, which had been challenging the peacemakers, were the position of Germany in the current international system, whether it had to pay both in land and in reparations, and how could security could be provided without hindering the post-war stability. Another question, which soon was arisen, was how the French interests for security and diminishing

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