International Relations: Japan’s Engagement with China, 1990-2010

3146 Words13 Pages
Introduction The study of international relations rests on the premise that there is always a sensible way of explaining a nation’s grand strategy, for they would not survive otherwise. From the Classical Period to the Middle Ages, from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century, historians, statesman, and political theorists have attempted to provide reason and understanding behind the decisions made by nation-states. More often than not, whether through realism or liberalism, through social constructivism or even Marxism, the theories of international relations have been able to define the guidelines for decision-making. Yet, there are times when those choices are rather questionable, and a new explanation may be called for, one that…show more content…
For this analysis, the level of engagement is measured in terms of economic indicators – official development, foreign direct investment, and trade – and by the absence of assertive policies (the presence of which would, under certain circumstances, signal a move away from engagement). Thus, the level of engagement is established on the upper threshold by high numbers of the indicators and by the absence or low concern of assertive policies against the emerging threat, and on the lower threshold by a decrease in the indicators, an increase in assertive policies, or both; these two extremes are “cooperative
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