International Service Of Air Transportation

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An airline company can be defined as an organization providing public service of air transportation on one or more routes to passengers and freight. Airlines vary widely in size, from small companies to huge multinational companies. Airlines lease or own their aircraft with which they supply services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for mutual benefits. Generally an airline must have an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body.
History of airlines Airplanes were around the first few years of the 20th century. In 1925, the Air Mail Act facilitated the development of airline industry by allowing postmaster to contract with private airlines to deliver mail. Shortly after, the Air Commerce Act authorized the Secretary of Commerce to establish airways, certify aircraft, license pilots, and issue and enforce air traffic regulations. The first set of commercial airlines included Pan American, Western Air Express and Ford Transport Service. Within 10 years, many modern airlines, such as Southwest, Delta, United and American, had emerged as major players.
In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Act established the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). This board was responsible for determining airline routes of travel and regulating prices for passenger fares. The CAB based airline fares on average cost; airlines could not compete with each other by offering lower fares but they competed by striving to offer best quality
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