International finance management

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Chapter 1 Multinational Financial Management An Overview Lecture Outline Managing the MNC Facing Agency Problems Management Structure of an MNC Why Fimrs Pursue International Business Theory of Comparative Advantage Imperfect Markets Theory Product Cycle Theory How Firms Engage in International Business International Trade Licensing Franchising Joint Ventures Acquisitions of Existing Operations Establishing New Foreign Subsidiaries Summary of Methods Valuation Model for an MNC Domestic Model Valuing International Cash Flows Uncertainty Surrounding an MNCs Cash Flows Uncertainty of an MNCs Cost of Capital Organization of the Text Chapter Theme This chapter introduces the multinational corporation as having similar goals…show more content…
Explain how the theory of comparative advantage relates to the need for international business. ANSWER The theory of comparative advantage implies that countries should specialize in production, thereby relying on other countries for some products. Consequently, there is a need for international business. b. Explain how the product cycle theory relates to the growth of an MNC. ANSWER The product cycle theory suggests that at some point in time, the firm will attempt to capitalize on its perceived advantages in markets other than where it was initially established. Imperfect Markets. a. Explain how the existence of imperfect markets has led to the establishment of subsidiaries in foreign markets. ANSWER Because of imperfect markets, resources cannot be easily and freely retrieved by the MNC. Consequently, the MNC must sometimes go to the resources rather than retrieve resources (such as land, labor, etc.). b. If perfect markets existed, would wages, prices, and interest rates among countries be more similar or less similar than under conditions of imperfect markets Why ANSWER If perfect markets existed, resources would be more mobile and could therefore be transferred to those countries more willing to pay a high price for them. As this occurred, shortages of resources in any particular country would be alleviated and the costs of such resources would be similar across countries. 4. International Opportunities. Do you think the acquisition of a
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