Internet Censorship

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Technologies Used In Internet Censorship and Control
Murdoch (2013) opines the Internet as an entity where control is always fought over for by those that use it. He further demystifies the internet, breaking it down to the two protocols that define it. These are the transmission control protocol – TCP- and the Internet Protocol –Ip. It is these protocols that enable the connection of two separate networks to each other. The protocols enable the easy connection of separate networks, without the need to make the hardware in the networks the same. It also enables restriction abstraction, where networks can be interoperable irrespective of the underlying architecture. It is important to note that the protocols are not the product of a bug;
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The technological Trends
Bambauer (2013) points to the evolution of the technology used to censor the internet, classifying in a tri-faceted evolutionary cycle. Censorship has adapted to stay in sync with the advances of the internet itself. At the moment the latest version of censorship ‘Censorship v3.1, is particularly pernicious because it’s less visible, less transparent, and less vulnerable to challenge than previous iterations.’ (Bambauer, 2013, p.26).

A way of working round this would be to seek alternative routes round the censorship. This bold idea was the brainchild of the belief that the internet would just pass by any barriers to information. This marked the passing of censorship v1.0. The realization that screening of information was possible marked the advent of Censorship v2.0. It also opened the window for the governments to set themselves at the center of the censorship. In this sense, there was a checks and balances system to the governments too, to see that they were aligned to the norms. As such, only those governments that are benighted would engage in censoring. Most internet users though felt that the act of censorship was tantamount to a government exercising authoritarian rule.
‘The list grew rapidly. France blocked hate speech; South Korea filtered

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