Internet Governance

1726 Words 7 Pages
Introduction
The definition of Internet Governance remains broad and dependent on the context of the situation. It is important to understand that the term is not restricted to the activities of governments, however for purposes of this paper I will primarily be exploring the arguments and issues surrounding legal regulation of the Internet including factors shaping the debate such as the political environment, open information sharing, and the significance of international collaboration on this topic. It is also key to understand how the mechanics of the Internet infrastructure allow for low barriers to entry which in turn makes security and control at the state level difficult. By governance, I’m refering to the processes and
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This paper investigates the guiding international theories of Realism and Liberalism as they relate to the State and their application to the historical developments, current status and likely future of IG.
History of
The Internet may be the most dramatic achievement in history. Never before in has technology, especially something largely intangible to most people, superseded the control of States so quickly on an international level leaving them struggling to catch up. If not for their counterproductive efforts to suppress the internet many states may have entered into modernity at a much faster pace. To what extent should there be IG? This argument starts centuries before the internet, since any societal activity can be governed and this debate requires a theoretical application of Realism and Liberalism. Although a bold statement, I believe the internet threatens the relevance of political institutions and also the idea sovereignty. If states believe they exist in a state of anarchy, then their focus as an institution is power through military and geopolitics.
Realism
Generally speaking, open information sharing leads to a loss of consolidation of power and a change in the status quo. This change challenges national sovereignty and power, but the problem is not open information sharing or the internet, it is the realist perspective. For example, we can go way back to reign of James I of England when the printing
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