Interpreting Modern History: Revival of the Appreciation of Art

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Modern history was the abandonment of European confinement. I understand modern history as being the revival of the appreciation of art, ideas, and moral values known as the Renaissance. During and before this time period, the majority of the European population was deeply embedded and blinded by the church. It is my understanding that Modern history is comprised of a sequence of events. It was not limited to specific dates, it was a continuous cycle of religious and political strives for power, establishment, and scientific discovery. The events, formerly mentioned, that took place were the Renaissance, the Reformation, and Exploration.
The first of the sequenced events is known as the Renaissance. The Renaissance was the period in Europe
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Each state was similar to a political unit that competed both politically and methodically with its neighbors. There were five main powers of political units that dominated Italy’s affairs. Two being monarchs, and the other three being city-states in northern Italy. What I perceived is that up until mid fourteenth century, Italy’s political dealings were unorganized. It wasn’t until the middle of the fifteenth century that some semblance of order was achieved due to the increasing development of centralized government. Restoration of internal order finally led to diplomatic balance in Italy. (Backman, 2013) The second sequence of events is known as the Reformation. The Protestant Reformation took place during the 16th-century. It was a European Christian movement that began as an effort to reform the Catholic Church and ultimately led to the establishment of Protestant Christian religions. The Protestant Reformation was a religious, political, intellectual and cultural disturbance that fractured Catholic Europe. The Protestant Reformation set into place the structures and beliefs that defined the mainland in the modern era. Martin Luther was one of the many scholars who challenged religious authority and questioned the Catholic Church’s ability to define Christian practice. He, along with many others, argued for a religious and political redistribution of power into the hands of religious pastors and princes.
The disruption prompted wars, which were the

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