Intrinsic And Extrinsic Motivation Essay

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Motivation is define as, “the driving force in any situation that leads to action. Motivation itself refers to a combination of the learner’s attitudes, desires and willingness to expend effort in order to learn the Second Language.” Motivation is further divided into two types: Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation define as; “enjoyment of language learning itself”, and extrinsic motivation define as; “motivation that derive by parental pressure, societal expectations, academic requirements or the other sources of rewards and punishments.” Richards, (2002: P.343)

The researchers Julia Lo, Fiona Hyland (2007), conducted a research on “Enhancing student’s engagement and motivation in writing: The case of primary students in Hong Kong”, in which they use qualitative method to collect data which was based on action research. In the school of Hong Kong the teacher who
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Through quantitative approach and survey she selected 200 students (100 males and 100 females) from different colleges of Karachi, whose age ranges from 18-21 years. She used (AMS) Academic Motivation Scale to assess academic intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. She derives statistical result by using demographic form and questionnaire and its result shows that motivation and academic were positively correlated. Findings also suggest that females were intrinsically motivated then males and males were more extrinsically motivated then females because they are expected to be the main breadwinner of the family in this society. The researcher can also used interview to make result more reliable and it can also be investigated on school level
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