Intro to Nat Turner

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Introduction to Nat Turner

Around 1790, there were 700,000 slaves in the United States. And by 1860, the number of slaves moved up to 4 million (lecture). The reason why the numbers had changed so drastically was because of the cotton boom. The cotton growing was concentrated on plantations rather than the small farms. Around 75% of slaves lived in groups of around 10 or more slaves, which made changes in the African American slave communities and culture (lecture). With the slave communities developing, they were very unstable. Around 1 million slaves migrated from the upper to lower south, which split the communities and families apart. Since the slave communities were growing, Southern African American communities were
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The rate for picking cotton was around 150 pounds per day. The strong hard working slaves were at least 1 thousand dollars per slave. But because of the hard working conditions and the poor dieting, the slaves aged faster (lecture). The African slaves in ways recreated Africa in the New World. Slave owners would help retain the culture by referring to the slaves by their African origin. Ritual scarring of African individuals continued to be practiced in America. Religion gives another window into African slavery. A lot of the families continued to practice various African religions. Christianity wasn’t instructed in the early 18th century because it was assumed that they were not under control to learn about Christianity. Slaves did not make a cultural break from their culture but rather merged the culture with new American and European customs. There was a sense of equality when the blacks and whites worshiped together. Blacks were actually able to respond to Christianity with African American roots (lecture). With the slave trade in Africa, African rulers controlled it. As shown in Sacred Hunger, few European adventurers went inland. The slave traders’ holds were referred to factories. During the African slave trade, Africa was a major market for European goods such as textiles and guns. The slave trade on the African West coast became central to wealth for the leaders in Africa. The

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