Chapter 1: Introducing Operating Systems
1. The operating system manages each and every piece of hardware and software.
2. An operating system is a special type of hardware.
3. The Memory Manager, the Interface Manager, the User Manager, and the File Manager are the basis of all operating systems.
4. Networking was not always an integral part of operating systems.
5. The Memory Manager is in charge of main memory, also known as ROM.
6. The high-level portion of the Process Manager is called the Process Scheduler.
7. The Device Manager monitors every device, channel, and control unit.
8. The File Manager is responsible for data files but not program files.
9. When the Processor…show more content… __d__ means that several logical records are grouped within one physical record.
16. In second-generation computers, to reduce the discrepancy in speed between the I/O and the CPU, an interface called the __a__ was placed between them to act as a buffer.
17. The most common mechanism for implementing multiprogramming was the introduction of the _d___ concept, which is when the CPU is notified of events needing operating systems services.
18. A system with __a__ divides programs into parts and keep them in secondary storage, bringing each part into memory only as it is needed.
a.|virtual memory|c.|segmented processing|
b.|shared memory|d.|passive multiprogramming|
19. The __b__ is used to indicate that a program is permanently held in ROM (read only memory), as opposed to being held in secondary storage.
20. The overwhelming demand for __c__ capability in the mid-1990s sparked the proliferation of networking capability.
21. A typical ___b_ computer houses devices to perform audio, video, and graphic creation and editing.
22. __c__ is the partitioning of a single server, each of which can