Introduction And Definitions Of Internet Usage

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CHAPTER -1
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction and Definitions
Internet usage has skyrocketed in the last decade, propelled by web and multimedia applications. While the predominant way to access the Internet is still cable or fiber, an increasing number of users now demand mobile, ubiquitous access whether they are at home at work or on the move. For instance, they want to compare prices on the web while shopping at the local department store, access Internet “navigation” aids from their car, read e-mail while riding a bus or hold a project review while at the local coffee shop or in the airport lounge. The concept of wireless, mobile Internet is not new. When the packet switching technology, the fabric of the Internet, was introduced with the ARPANET in 1969, the Department of Defense immediately understood the potential of a packet switched radio technology to interconnect mobile nodes in the battlefield. Consequently, the ad hoc protocols must self-configure to adjust to environment, traffic and mission changes. What emerges from these characteristics if the vision of an extremely flexible, malleable and yet robust and formidable network architecture. Because of its mobile, non-infrastructure nature, the ad hoc network poses new design requirements. The first is self-configuration (of addresses and routing) in the expression of mobility. At the function level, ad hoc network users typically communicate and collaborate as teams. These applications thus require efficient group
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