Introduction. Cognitive And Contextual Perspectives Are

890 WordsMar 4, 20174 Pages
Introduction Cognitive and contextual perspectives are two of the major prospective of childhood development. Jean Piaget was a major proponent of cognitive perspective. Cognitive perspective emphasizes how changes or growth in people play into how they learn and perceive their world. While Lev Vygotsky, and Urie Bronfenbrenner were the driving forces behind Contextual Perspective. Contextual perspective takes into account the environment surrounding children and how our relationships effect ones growth. Within this paper we will be discussing the different theories that Piaget, Vygotsky, and Bronfenbrenner believed that aided children with learning thought childhood and adolescence. Piaget Jean Piaget believed that our brains…show more content…
The three main components of Piaget’s theory are scheme, assimilation, and accommodation. Scheme is defined as organized group of similar actions or thoughts that are used repeatedly in response to the environment (Ormrod, p.27). Assimilation is dealing with the objects or events in the way that is consistent with an existing scheme. Accommodation is the process of modifying a scheme when a new object event. They may make modifications to existing schemes, or form a new one (Ormrod, p. 27). Bronfenbrenner Whereas Piaget believed that children constructed their own knowledge about the world, Bronfenbrenner believed that the world surround a child was what influenced how they learned. Urie Bronfenbrenner believed that children had different layers that surrounded them. They first was the family, the most intimate daily interactions. The second layer consisted of neighbors, teachers, peers. People that were around regularly, but not in close as family. The final layer is state/government that by way of laws and policies dictate development. Vygotsky Les Vygotsky believed that adult in any society foster children’s cognitive development in an intentional and somewhat systematic manner (Ormrod, p.36). He believed that the first few years in a child’s development where the most critical for cognitive learning. He had his
Open Document