Introduction. Hiv Is A Virus That Attacks The Immune System,

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Introduction HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defense against illness. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. AIDS (or acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the last stage in a progression of diseases resulting from HIV. The diseases include several unusual and severe infections, cancers and debilitating illnesses, resulting in severe weight loss, and diseases affecting the brain. There is no cure for HIV infections or AIDS.
The causes of HIV/AIDS
You can get HIV from contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluids. Most people get the virus by having unprotected sex with someone who has HIV. The human immunodeficiency virus is a retrovirus that causes HIV infection and over time
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HIV-2 can be detected using the same test as HIV-1. There are 8 known HIV-2 groups, Groups A through H. Only groups A and B are pandemic. Group A is mainly found in West Africa but it has been seen the Europe, Asia, and the United States whereas Group B is limited to West Africa.
What are symptoms of HIV/AIDS?
Some people may experience a flu-like illness within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection. Some people may not feel sick during this stage. Flu-like symptoms can include fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, sleepiness, swollen lymph nodes, and mouth ulcers. Although each case is different, symptoms between men and women vary. Women with HIV tend to have problems related to reproductive health, including changes to their menstrual cycle or absence of periods. Bacterial and yeast infections may be more common in women who are HIV-positive. Risk of STDs, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and HPV, are increased in women who are infected. Also, women are more susceptible towards pelvic inflammatory diseases. Men infected with HIV go through three stages-acute illness, asymptomatic period, advanced infection. Acute illness lasts until the body has created antibodies against HIV. After the initial symptoms disappear, HIV may not cause any other symptoms for months or years. During this time, the virus reproduces and begins to weaken your immune system. You won’t feel or look sick, but the virus is still active, and you can easily transmit it to
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