Introduction In this paper, I argue that while sexual violence is arguably the monopoly of men, it

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Introduction
In this paper, I argue that while sexual violence is arguably the monopoly of men, it is culturally cultivated rather than biologically determined. Consistent with the concept of Hegemonic Masculinity which theorises male domination of other males and subordination of females (Connell, 2005), I assert that rape is particularly rampant in societies where sexual violence is an effective means of attaining this status quo. Thus when rape is institutionalised in the context of war where masculinity is measured by the ability and willingness to assert violence upon the enemy, rape becomes rampant because it is not only condoned but authorised (Price, 2001). I then debunk the claims of biological determinism that men are inherently
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The notion of hegemonically masculine inclination to sexually dominate the female must not be overestimated since violence does not yield power in all societies. The relative absence of rape in matrilineal society is attributed to gender equality where men do not overpower women through sexual violence (Watson-Franke, Pg. 600). Given gender-egalitarian environment, they engage in “positive” behavior that might serve the interests or desires of women. Most accounts of hegemonic masculinity do include such “positive” actions as bringing home a wage, sustaining a sexual relationship, and being a father (Connell, Pg. 840). Thus, society’s inclination to pursue hegemonic masculinity affects the occurrence of rape insofar as encouraging or deterring it.
Institutionalised Rape
In warfare, rape is an exclusively masculine behavior that is legitimated as territorial conquest (Price, Pg. 220). Since male patriotism is measured by the ability and willingness to enact violence upon enemies, rapists become desensitized in performing “patriotic duty” upon the “enemy” (Price, Pg. 223). However, women become sites of contestation due to biological vulnerability. The children born of war-rape are considered by law to be
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