Introduction . Mary Breckinridge Faced What Could Be Seen

1311 WordsMay 14, 20176 Pages
Introduction Mary Breckinridge faced what could be seen as insurmountable losses early in her life. She had first lost her husband of two years, when he died due to complications of appendicitis, following with the loss of her two children due to illness and childbirth complications. (nursing-theory.org) Mary, however, was determined to dedicate her life to those she felt were most at risk. After witnessing an illness of a friend’s child, she attended St. Luke’s Hospital Training School in New York and graduated in 1910 as a nurse. She specifically felt that care provided to those being treated in rural areas were not up to standards, so she worked diligently to improve care and was seen as one of the first midwives of nursing. Mary…show more content…
She received the Medaille Reconnaissance Francaise for her work organizing a visiting nurse association during those years. She traveled as a lecturer for the United States Children’s Bureau, following up by working in rural areas after the Great War France as part of the CARD, Breckinridge was able to gain insight and strategies on how to accomplish complex and difficult issues that would arise in remote environments. (kirchgessner, j & keeling, A) In the summer of 1923, while riding through the mountains of Eastern Kentucky, Breckinridge surveyed the state of midwifery. On many horses and mules, Breckinridge had ridden 650 miles and interviewed about 53 granny midwives. According to Breckinridge, these women were determined either “intelligent and tidy” or “filthy as their homes”. With the survey in hand Breckinridge had decided that professional nursing services were badly needed. She used this to push herself forward in creating the British model of training in both nursing and midwifery, to save the lives of mothers and babies. (kirchgessner, j & keeling, A) (Kirchgessner, J & Keeling, A) May 1925 members of the Kentucky Committee for Mothers and Babies met. The First clinic was opened September 1925 in Hyden Kentucky. In the first month, 233 patients had made about 561 visits and an additional 46 home visits were completed. The organization’s name was changed to the Frontier Nursing Service in 1928, and by 1929 six FNS clinics were

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