Introduction Of Romanticism In Frankenstein

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Romanticism has its start in the late eighteenth century’s Germany, quickly spreading throughout Europe and the United States of America, as a cultural, literary, musical and artistic movement, pulling groups of people together, forming a powerful, shared attitude of care towards the concept of existence itself. Being a direct reaction to the rationalistic point of view of the Enlightenment and the strict forms of classical beauty, Romanticism is characterised by irrationalism, sentimentalism, individualism and the adoration of nature, making it quite controversial compared to the movements that came before and, therefore, very original and ‘shocking’.
My interest in sentimentality starts long ago before I can remember – as I …show more content…

It is a very complex movement, of which intricacy brings also many contradictions. By comparing diverse romantic works, it comes clear that they are completely different from one another, having almost nothing in common. Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, for example, still belongs in Romanticism just as much as Goethe’s The Sorrows of Young Werther , despite their differences; in one, what can be seen is a strong gothic influence, with the darkness and absurdity of the situation, while, in the other, an exposure to one’s suffering and overwhelming emotion, as an epistolary …show more content…

François-René de Chateaubriand starts publishing his literary works already at the start of the century, all of which contain numerous romantic characteristics: mystery, the unknown, and aesthetics, claiming that nature in its totality is the ultimate muse of all artistic creations. He is in fact considered the ‘father’ of French Romanticism, despite not having belonged to the movement itself. However, Mèditations Poétiques by Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine, from 1920 must be the real start of French Romanticism, focusing on autobiographical and historical storytelling, with non-romantic elements, like the attention given to the poor, typical of Realism, seen in their most representative Romantic: Victor Hugo

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