Introduction. Sleep Deprivation Is A Condition That Many

1349 WordsMay 10, 20176 Pages
Introduction Sleep deprivation is a condition that many individuals have faced at some point in their life. The National Institute of Health categorizes sleep complications into two conditions known as sleep deprivation and sleep deficiency. According to the National Institute of Health an individual is experiencing sleep deprivation or deficiency if they haven 't received the adequate amount of sleep or if they do not sleep well (National Institute of Health, 2007). An adult should receive approximately 7-8 hours of sleep per night in order to get a full night’s rest. About 70.6 percent of college students worldwide report obtaining less than eight hours of sleep, therefore they are considered sleep deprived (Hershner and Chervin,…show more content…
Homeostatic process S is when the body is reliant on the accumulation of sleep-inducing (hypnogenic) substance in the brain, so while the need for sleep increases the wakefulness also continues (Goel, 2017). Circadian process C is when the body suggests control of an “endogenous circadian pacemaker,” which is the body’s internal process and alertness levels. Both processes impact the wake/sleep cycle. When a person gets about seven to eight hours of sleep you hit a stage of sleep called REM sleep, which is the last stage of sleep (Nevid, 2013, p. 173). “REM sleep normally occurs every 90-120 minutes approximately 4-5 times in a typical night, with each REM sleep period growing progressively longer, with the last episode near rise time” (Hershner, 2014). When an individual lacks a full night of sleep they may become a little “groggy” the next day, but will still be able to push through the day. Affects from Sleep Deprivation In addition, sleep deprivation slows down a person’s reaction time, impairs their attention, concentration, and problem solving ability, which makes it difficult for remembering things. “As many as 15 percent of Americans don’t get the help they need because of lifestyle factors, such as demanding work schedules and caregiving responsibilities” (Minerd & Jasmer, 2006). This affects many young adults due to their high demanding schedule between school and work. Sleep deprivation is a serious condition, although short
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