Introduction to Agrarian Reform

1446 Words Feb 26th, 2011 6 Pages
TABLE OF CONTENT

I. INTRODUCTION TO
AGRARIAN REFORM OF THE PHIL. AND BRIEF HISTORY OF
AGRARIAN REFORM

II. IMPLEMENTING LAWS

III. DEFINITION OF LAND REFORM
& AGRARIAN REFORM

IV. COVERAGE OF THE LAND
REFORM PROGRAM

V. RETENTION LIMITS & EXCEPTION ON THE
RULES ON RETENTION LIMITS

VI. EVALUATION

I. INTRODUCTION TO
AGRARIAN REFORM OF THE PHIL. AND BRIEF HISTORY OF AGRARIAN REFORM

Land reform pertains to integrated set of measures designed to eliminate obstacles to economic and social development arising from defects in the agrarian structure. One of the existing agrarian reform laws in the country is Republic Act No. 6675, otherwise known as the “The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law”.

Agrarian reform
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During Pres. Corazon Aquino’s administration, the constitution commission of 1986 approved Section 21 under Article II (Declaration Principle and State Policy)which states “The states shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform”. Subsequently, Pres. Aquino created the Cabinet Action Committee to draft the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP).

II. IMPLEMENTING LAWS

A. QUEZON ADMINISTRATION

Rice Share Tenancy Act- The Act provided for a 50-50 sharing arrangement between landowners and tenants and established a 10% maximum interest ceiling for loans extended to tenants.

B. MAGSAYSAY ADMINISTRATION

Republic Act 1166- National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA).

Republic Act 1199- Agricultural Tenancy Act. This law provide tenants with security of tenure and allowed them to shift from share tenancy to leasehold where they pay landowners a fixed rental instead of a variable share.

Republic Act 1400 of 1955- Land Reform Act. This Law provides for expropriation of contiguous land over 300 hectares in areas, if owned by individual and 600 hectares if owned by corporation.

C. MACAPAGAL ADMNISTRATION

Republic Act 3844- Agricultural Land Reform Code. This code aimed to established owner-cultivatorship and economic family-size as the basis of Philippine