Essay on Introduction to Border Security

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Introduction Biosecurity is extremely important for New Zealand as the country relies predominantly on its primary production than other developed countries around the globe. The term biosecurity, when referring to New Zealand, can be defined as the need to prevent entry and establishment of any unwanted organisms on both land and aquatic environments. These organisms can be anything from plants and animals to threats to viruses. In the event of a threat crossing the border, the term biosecurity covers attempts to contain and if that fails, how the threat is controlled and managed (Goldson, 2011). To have an effective biosecurity system all of New Zealand has to work together. This includes the government, industries and individual New…show more content…
According to an article by Wotton & Hewitt (2004) the most effective management strategy for reducing the biosecurity risk of introducing foreign organisms into a country is the management practices pre-border and at the border itself. Risks entering the border can come from imports, vessels, passengers, mail, air and sea. The first level of risk reduction is pre-border and this is managed by international agreements, import risk analysis, import health standards, pest risk analysis and permits. At the border risk to biosecurity is managed by pathway risk analysis, clearance standards, detector dogs, mail inspection and passenger inspections (Biosecurity New Zealand, 2009). Surveillance is the next level of risk reduction and is an essential part of biosecurity. This involves modelling and sampling, trapping, surveying and diagnostics as well as investigation. To be ready for a biosecurity threat eradication measures are set up and contingency plans are formed (Biosecurity New Zealand, 2009). There are three main groups of surveillance. Targeted surveillance involves looking for a particular organism and can last for several years, pathway surveillance targets high risk sites such as airports and seaports and checks for the presence of pests and diseases. The final group of surveillance is passive surveillance which is gaining information from the public, industries and scientist (Provost, 2013). If a biosecurity
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