Introduction to Management & Organisations

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*BUS1001 Introduction to Management & Organisations E*ssay for Semester 1, 2008/9 According to Pettinger (2002), management can variously be defined as a ‘science, profession and art’ and ‘its status lies somewhere between the three ‘with strong elements of each’. Is management a profession were you could qualify in like a doctor, is it science were there’s only “one best way to manage” (Bennet, Roger (1994)) or is it a skill/ personality in which a manager is has it in their genes from birth? The answer to this question undouptfully helps identify what is meant by management. Unfortunate the answer to this question has not been answered, although many theorists have tried to identify and explain what management is. Pettinger is a…show more content…
He believed increased production will eventually increase employees income (could use quote here) and organisations profit margins, but in fact in long term future production could fall due to employees felt dissatisfied and felt like machines. There jobs became repetitive and specialised to specific jobs, with no team work, job rotation or social groups, which are argued the main motivators in a workforce. At the time Taylor’s theory was successful proved by when he tested at manufacturing industry he found production increased by over 300% and wages increase by 60%, which shows his ideas did indeed give efficiency. Evidence of Taylors method of management is used to today is shown in organisations such as McDonalds and call centres. This showing that even though its 94 years old theory its used in present time and that scientific management is not overlooked by newer theories such as from the Human relations school and the contingency theory. Although the contingency theory argues completely against Management as being referred to science and especially Taylors ‘one best way’ as contingency theory “takes a situational (rather than a one-best-way) view of organisation structure and managerial activity” (Bowditch, J. and Buono, A (1990)) which means that instead of a singlesolution to way of management there is actually different methods for different
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