Introduction to Psychology Worksheet Essay

605 Words Jan 3rd, 2013 3 Pages
Introduction to Psychology Worksheet
Jesus Mejia
PSY/211
January 3, 2013
Draza Nikolic, Ph.D.

University of Phoenix Material

Introduction to Psychology Worksheet

Part I: Origins of Psychology

Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The major perspectives in modern psychology identified in the text are neuroscience, cognitive, behavioral, humanistic, and psychodynamic. Describe these major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Type your response in the space below.

Neuroscience: Views behavior from the perspective of biological functioning. How individual nerve cells are joined together, how the inheritance of
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Include strengths and weaknesses of each method. Type your response in the space below.

Descriptive and correlation research: Researcher observes a previously existing situation but does not make a change i the situation. Strengths: Offers insight into relationships between variables. Weaknesses: Cannot determine causality.
Archival Research: Examines existing data to confirm hypothesis. Strengths: Ease of data collection because data already exist. Weaknesses: Dependent on availability of data.

Naturalistic Observation: Observation of naturally occurring behavior, without making a change in the situation. Strengths: Provides a sample of people in their natural environment. Weaknesses: Cannot control the natural habitat being observed.

Survey Research: A sample is chosen to represent a larger population and asked a series of questions. Strengths: A small sample can be used to infer attitudes and behavior of a larger population. Weaknesses: Sample may not be representative of the larger population: participants may not provide accurate responses to survey questions.

Case study: Intensive investigation of an individual or small group. Strengths: Provides a thorough, in depth understanding of participants. Weaknesses: Results may not be generalizable beyond the sample.

Experimental Research: Investigators produces a change in one variable to observe the effects of that change on other variables.
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