Introduction to Spatial Planning

2513 Words Mar 30th, 2012 11 Pages
Introduction
Planning, that is process of ‘making a plan’, has been an important part of development of our areas. Planning is the application of conscious thought to the solution of problem or issue. Planning is said to be found at the very centre of the complex mess of technology, politics, culture and economics that create our whole society and its physical presence (Rydin, 2011). As RTPI (2011) defines it, ‘planning is the management of competitive uses for space and making of places that are valued and have an identity.’

Space as a term is very much territorial in nature, and since we are talking about competitive uses of space, it means that a space needs to be used in such a way that it gives the most advantage to the society.
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In order to reduce these problems, planners looked at ‘mixed patterns’ of land-use. This reduces long distance travels, as people can then live and work in nearby areas and hence use means of travel like walking, cycling etc. This also results in a healthy, safe and more vibrant city.

Problems with Land-use planning and shift to spatial planning
Even after the introduction of mixed use planning, there are some essential drawbacks of land-use method of planning. Firstly, there is nothing to suggest the pattern in which the growth should or will happen, and it is expected that the stakeholders should invest in the future looking at the potential of proposed development plans and regulatory policies which are decided by the state (Rydin, 2011). This is not always a concrete method of predicting the future, and the stakeholders do not feel involved as they do not have a say in the process.

Land-use planning is not very flexible and plans cannot keep up with the changing market scenarios and economic demands or the changes in main planning objectives. It cannot adapt to the changes in the development requirements. The generalization of land use ignores the uniqueness of land and local requirements of some areas which are different.

From the post-war times, state intervention was very important in reconstruction, and there was a nationalisation of land development rights. The old planning system was a comprehensive and