Investigating Crime and Relevant Issues Essay

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Investigating Crime and Relevant Issues

Crime is defined as an act which is prohibited by criminal law. These
criminal activities are prohibited for the protection of society as a
whole, or a section of society. Each country has its own series of
prohibited criminal acts. In England, if a criminal act is committed,
the persons responsible are issued punishment of a fine, community
service or imprisonment. Although criminal activity is seen by
society to be morally wrong, and is punishable, people still continue
to commit crime.

Forensic psychology attempts to apply psychological principles to the
criminal justice system. For many years psychologists have tried to
explain why some
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Individuals that had these features
were considered to be a more primitive type of human being. Among the
features which Lombroso identified were the following: an over-sized
brain; squinting eyes; prominent eye-brows and a projecting jaw.

Lombroso believed that these primitive humans could not adjust
socially or morally to civilised society, could not distinguish right
from wrong, had no remorse or guilt and therefore could not form
meaningful relationships. Lombroso determined, “Some people are born
with a strong, innate predisposition to behave antisocially,” (L’Uomo
Delinquente, Lombroso, 1876).

Evaluation of Lombroso’s Theory

Lombroso made a major contribution to establishing the study of
criminal behaviour and was responsible for moving the study of
criminology towards scientific research, indicating that biological
influences could affect criminality.

However Lombroso’s experiments cannot be considered to be valid
because he never compared his criminal sample to a non-criminal
control group or took account of racial and ethical differences. He
recorded inaccurate measurements, which were not based on proper
statistical techniques or an accurate understanding of human physique.
Also a large proportion of Lombroso’s sample had psychological
disorders. This would mean that there was no…