Investigating The Conversion Of Hydrogen Peroxide

1459 WordsOct 30, 20156 Pages
Sandy Ibrahim 10/30/15 AP Biology Period 6 Lab Two: Enzyme Catalysis Introduction This lab will observe the conversion of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen gas by the enzyme catalysis. The amount of oxygen generated will be measured and used to calculate the rate of the enzyme-catalyzed reaction. Enzymes are proteins produced by living cells. Enzymes act as biochemical catalysts during a reaction, meaning they lower the activation energy needed for that reaction to occur. Through enzyme activity, cells gain the ability to carry out complex chemical activities at relatively low temperatures. The substance in an enzyme-catalyzed reaction that is to be acted upon is the substrate, which comes together reversibly to the active site of the enzyme. The active site is the portion of the enzyme that interacts with the substrate. One result of this temporary union between the substrate and the active site is a reduction in the activation energy required to start the reaction of the substrate molecule so that products are formed. In a mathematical equation of the substrate (S) binding with the activation site (E) and forming products (P) is: E + S ---> ES --> E + P Several ways enzyme action may be affected include: 1) Salt Concentration -- For example, if salt concentration is close to zero, the charged amino acid side chains of the enzyme molecules will attract each other. The enzyme will then denature and form an inactive precipitate. If salt concentration is extremely
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