If the client opts for design and build as the preferred method of procurement the contractor is appointed earlier in the procurement process. The Contractor’s price can be based on differing levels of information provided by the client and this can range from a simple outline scope and a couple of sketched drawings to a full tender package.
Sealed bidding is a procurement method used when the best value is expected to result from the selection of the lowest evaluated offer. Generally competitive sealed bidding are used to procure supplies and services except when price is not the determinative element in the
Procurement also is the selecting from a range of options for acquisitions, and in analyzing and identifying the requirements for the purchasing, negotiating contracts, picking the suppliers, the creating of strategic alliances with suppliers, or the acting as a liaison between the user and suppliers. The current state of procurement practice reflects the dynamic interaction between the opposing forces, leaving the remaining in limbo. The two complementary process is involved in the procurement is vendor selling and customer buying. The best practice in the procurement process is the Exchange-Point Analysis. The exchange points highlight the opportunities for the process integration, which are noted for performance improvement opportunities. The process integration is to convert critical aspects for the supply chain process and procurement from one based on commercial norms about markets and current laws to the one that relies upon goal alignment and trust through the chain of command. The current best practices in industry or government project management include the belief based operations between vendors and customers (Morris & Pinto,
Choosing the most suitable procurement method for the specified construction project is a long term hard decision; it is a
This paper includes a description of the procurement planning process. The most valuable output of the plan procurement process will be identified. Furthermore, the various contract types will be explained. A source criterion that would be applicable to any project will be described and three criteria that would apply to most projects will be identified. An analysis of the ethical
The company strategy is to offer low-cost design and computer-aided modeling packages to customers to reduce their development expenses and attract customer with
Procurement is the process by which organizations acquire goods, works and services. The procurement cycle involves planning, beginning with needs assessment through needs preparation, inviting offers, contractor selection, awarding contracts, executing and managing contracts, as well as final accounting and auditing. Procurement can therefore be viewed as a strategic component of supply chain management relating to satisfying customer or buyer needs.
It is quite challenging to discuss about procurement management without stating the importance of its strategies. There are four main basic procurement strategies that serve different functions within a procurement management. To begin with, a “Partnership” strategy focuses mainly on constructing mutual commitment in long term relationship with suppliers. While a “Secure Supply” strategy aims to secure short and long term supply while reducing risk from suppliers. In addition, a “Category Management and E-Procurement solutions” serves as a tool to reduce logistic complexity, improve operational efficiency, and attempts to reduce the number of suppliers. Lastly, a “Competive Bidding” strategy emphasizes on obtaining the “Best Deal” for short term transactions with suppliers.(van weele) Each of these four strategies involves a unique purchasing methodology, which implies that the complexity is embedded in an individual strategic implication. Therefore, it requires different tools to accomplish the specific strategical characteristics. A business entity may need to support and execute procurement decisions with other strategic apparatus with analytical methods, including market analysis, uncertainty analysis, price forecasting, supplier relationship and along with others.(Harvard)
In “Lectures 4-9” we talked about the importance of collecting customer needs and defining the scope of the project before starting the design phase.
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Procurement intends to explore supply market opportunities and to implement resourcing strategies that deliver the best possible supply outcome to the organization, its stakeholders and clients (Kidd, 2005). Therefore, construction procurement exists to purchase a construction project as requirement of firms or organizational entities to achieve its goals. However, the choice to use external resources is the part of firms’ decision-making
Client and the contractor have same priorities. Basically, contractor will make the decision in turnkey approach and client will just accept in silent. In this project, the contractor and the client have the same focus and priorities therefore the relationship between the contractor and client is good and there is no overruns or communication problems between both sides.
Primary and secondary sources are ways in which data can be retrieved. As Serakan (2006) stated, “Primary data refer to information obtained by the researcher on the variables of interest for the specific purpose of the study”. Various evidence suggesting to what methods of primary research can be conducted and which are most effective for the previously mentioned problem description are stated in this chapter.
All projects involve the need to determine whether the project work will be done in-house, external to the organization (outsourced), or a combination of the two. This is called “make-or-buy analysis” and is an essential part of project planning, as well as a tool/technique integral to procurement planning
When choosing a type of procurement it is based on the clients experienced and knowledge of construction that the client has and there requirements. Once this has been decided then the relevant contracts can be drawn up outlining the relevant responsibilities shared and risk taken into consideration and also meeting the correct legislation and the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996. With regards to the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration