Investigating The Risk Factors Among Youth Within The Criminal Justice System

826 WordsApr 29, 20174 Pages
Examining the Risk Factors Among Youth Within the Juvenile Justice System: Can We Predict if a Child Will End Up in the Criminal Justice System? Clare Fenty Alfred University Table of Contents Abstract …………………………………………………………………………...4 CHAPTER 1 Introduction …………………………………………………………………………...6 Problem Statement …………………………………………………………...6 Rationale …………………………………………………………………...7 CHAPTER 2 Literature Review ……………………………………………………………………8 Theories on Juvenile Delinquency …………………………………………....8 Individual Risk Factors …………………………………………………...10 Family Risk Factors ……………………………………….……………….….12 Community Risk Factors ………………………………………………...…15 School and Academic Performance …………………………………...15 Church and Religious Affiliation …………………………………...17…show more content…
Results of the analysis indicates that whereas there is a potential for a single risk factor to predict criminal behavior among the youth, the Keywords: 1. Juvenile delinquency: An offense committed by a child who is between 7 and 15 years old. All juvenile delinquency cases are heard in family courts. It is not treated the same as adults (Juvenile Justice Process, 2016) 2. Minors: In most states, minors are defined as individuals who are below 18 years old. The term is sometimes used simultaneously with juveniles, children, and youth. Their offenses are not called crimes but delinquent acts (Thomson Reuters, 2017). 3. Juvenile justice system. A branch of the criminal justice system that is responsible for handling youth who are charged of a criminal offense. The juvenile justice system intervenes through the police, family courts, and rehabilitation facilities. 4. Risk factors. These are elements, to which when a subject is exposed to, increase the likelihood that he or she will develop the problem behavior (Shader, 2001). Risk factors are not necessarily causes though. 5. Protective factors. These are influences that acts as a cushion between the presence of risk factors and the onset of delinquency. They restrain the effect of exposure to risk factors resulting in lowered incidence of
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