Investigation Of The Criminal Justice Process

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The criminal justice process begins with a report of violation of the law by a citizen or witnessed by a police officer first hand. Then after it is investigated where the police officer is to come to the area or scene of the incident to determine the extent and nature of the crime committed. Where sometimes an arrest is made on the scene of the incident and statements of the witnesses or evidence are taken to obtain evidence of the crime. In some cases there is a preliminary investigation where the police conduct an investigation then after a secondary investigation is conducted by a team of detectives. The purpose of these investigations is to protect the evidence in the crime committed to obtain potential witnesses and to get substantial evidence against the criminal in court. After the investigation a warrant is made and/or arrest where the offender is read their miranda rights and asked if they understand these rights. “At the point of arrest, police are required to read a suspect his or her Miranda rights, so named because of the 1966 Supreme Court case, Miranda v. Arizona. Since this ruling, police have been required to read suspects their Constitutional protections when an arrest occurs or is imminent. The Miranda warning reads: "You have the right to remain silent. If you choose to give up this right, anything you do say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney. If you cannot afford one, one will be appointed to you (The
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