Invisible Hand

1787 Words Jul 30th, 2013 8 Pages
Name: Pham Tan Vuong
ID: S3411932
Lecturer: Antoine Goupille
Word count: 1625

INTRODUCTION
Adam Smith (1723-1790) was one of the greatest economists in the world with his concept of the “Invisible Hand”. The “Invisible Hand” explains the reasons why people do things in the market based on the principles of supply and demand. This theory also creates an economic system called free market or liberal market. This type of market has some main features namely, no governmental interventions and high competition. Adam Smith’s theory is interesting because he was the first one to set up the idea of a “market” that still exists now. The aim of this essay is to give an overview of the “Invisible hand”, analyze advantages and disadvantages of
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According to Ollman (1999), workers’ exploitation will worsen continually because the longer, faster and harder people work, the less they are paid. As more people working longer and harder, employers will have more profit leading to the unbalanced distribution of wealth. Van Suntum (2004) points out that while the majority of employers are holding huge amount of assets, their workers are often living in poverty as they have nothing else to offer but their labor on the market. Therefore, the free market often has the worker union to fight for their rights. This could create a huge loss for the economy as there may be no one working during that period of time. Nonetheless, when the market economy faces an economic crisis, it will become a big obstacle because it takes a long time to self-regulate without any interventions from the governments. Thus, firms will suffer from the shortage of demand or access to fund, whereas workers have to face with high rate of unemployment and low wages for a long time.

APPLICATION OF THE “INVISIBLE HAND”

The “Invisible Hand” is the force which could make people realize business opportunities and hence, push them forward to seize opportunities. Quynh Anh , author of the article “Sumitomo Increases Investment in Vietnam” published in the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI), in March 2013 asserts that Nakamura , President of Sumitomo Corporation of Japan, highly
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