Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, and Polymers

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Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, and Polymers An attraction between atoms that allows chemical substances to form is commonly referred to as a chemical bond. Two of the most common types of chemical bonds are ionic bonds and covalent bonds. Both ionic and covalent bonds can be mixed together in order to form mixtures and compounds. While the two types of chemical bonds have several similarities, they are also vastly different. Ionic and covalent bonds are formed when two or more elements bond together. There are 117 elements known to date. An element is defined as a substance that is made up of a single atom. While 94 of these elements are naturally occurring, 22 of these elements are artificial. A complete list of elements can be found on the periodic table of the elements, arranged by atomic number and by chemical property. When substances are formed through ionic or covalent bonding, they can be combined with other substances to form mixtures or compounds. A compound is a pure substance that is made up of two or more substances. A compound is a homogenous mixture that requires all elements comprising the mixture to be present in fixed proportions. When elements are combined to make a compound, they do not retain their individual properties. Furthermore, in order to separate a compound into its individual elemental components, a large amount of energy must be used. Compounds form naturally and have elemental stability; stability depends on the number of electrons that

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