Dementia is a progressive process, with the symptoms and decline in function often worsening, sometimes rapidly, overtime. Although the elderly population are most frequently affected, many younger patients can also be affected. Currently, no cure, be it medical or behavioural, has been isolated, however certain treatments have proved beneficial in delaying the onset or staying off further rapid deterioration. In addition to pharmaceutical treatment modalities, other support and managerial techniques may enable n enhanced quality of life.
Introduction This assignment critically discusses about dementia, a widespread disability among older adults today. It provides an introduction to dementia and analyses its prevalence in society. The various forms of dementias are elaborated with description about dysfunctions and symptoms. Nursing Assessment and Interventions are provided in the further sections which discusses about actions nurses should take on while evaluating patients and treating them. Finally, communication, an important Activity of Daily Living (ADL) is explored and patient/carer advice is presented so as to maintain good health conditions in the patient.
We carried out an extensive review of the literature on non-pharmacological treatments for dementia using Medline and other related searches, but this is not intended to be a formal systematic review.
Per grandmother, the client’s pregnancy, and delivery were normal. The grandmother recalls that Keisha’s developmental milestones were reached appropriately, including basic motor skills such as crawling, walking and fine motor skills such as writing. According to the client, she experienced an accident when she was nine years old. The accident affected her brain causing her to experience a coma for more than a month. It took her several months of rehabilitation to be able to return back to school. Keisha reports fatigue and/or loss of energy very often. Even after sleeping for more than twelve hours per day she feels tired every morning. She has been feeling this way for more than three years. Furthermore, the client reports that she has poor appetite, eating one or two meals per day. Due to her decrease in appetite the client reports that she lost about ten pounds since last year. Keisha mentions that her appetite has decreased since she started high school. Per client, her father abused drugs when he was younger, which included heroin and crack. She is unaware if father continues abusing drugs. Per client, her mother did not abuse any drugs while she was alive. The client reports no allergies, traumas or chronic diseases affecting her
Dementia can be defined as a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life (alz.org). More than often, individuals affected by dementia are over the age of 65. In the United States, there are more than three million cases of dementia each year. According to World Health Organization, the number of people living with dementia is currently estimated at 47.5 million worldwide and is expected to increase to 75.6 million by 2030 (World Health Organization 2015). Dementia is caused by physical modifications in the brain and is known for loss of memory and mental abilities. It’s a progressive disease which means it gets worse over time. If diagnosed early on, the quality of life for people with dementia as well as their family members can be significantly improved. There are many different types of dementias although some are far more reciprocal than others. One of the most common types of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Other few types of dementias are “Vascular dementia, Mixed dementia, Parkinson 's disease and Frontotemporal dementia (Krishnan, D. S)”. All of the various forms of dementia tend to have similar symptoms which consequently makes it hard to determine the type of dementia a patient may be suffering from.
The clinical features Mrs Lee now 83 is displaying changes to health and cognition noted in the last three to four months, with two transient ischaemic attacks but no significant medical issues. Although currently taking three medications for high blood pressure. Changes in word finding, getting words mixed up and
Dementia is a disease that is seen to be affecting many of our elderly population nowadays. Dementia patients show progressive symptoms, which become severe with age. Some of the symptoms include memory loss, difficulty performing intellectual activities and overall lose of cognition. There are many causes of dementia so therefore the prevalence rate of it is increasing yearly. Dementia can be caused due to genetic vulnerability such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), lifestyle choices and from other chronic disorders, which increase your risk of getting dementia. Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia are the two most prevalent forms of dementia (ref). Dementia is also sometimes related to other genetic disorders such as Parkinson’s disease
• NURSING INTERVENTIONS- 1. Administer Donepezil (Aricept) as ordered. Rational- slows progression of Alzheimer’s. Nursing considerations for Donepezil Rational- can cause deterioration of heart muscles. • Monitor for asthma, especially if they have a hx. Rational- may cause asthma. 2. Implement safety precautions according to have severe the Alzheimer’s is. Rational- these patients are confused and may accidently harm themselves.
Since there is not cure at this time for Alzheimer, it is crucial for patients, caregivers, and relatives, to have at least medications or therapies that can be effective with
I had done some searching for a topic and found one on CNN news. I chose the topic: Dementia. The definition of dementia is; a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning. It is not a specific disease because it varies a wide range of symptoms that deals with daily thinking or ability to do things with daily living. Alzheimer's is a part of dementia and accounts for 60 - 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia is the second leading cause of dementia which occurs after a stroke. There are many other conditions of dementia which can be reversible, such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. People with dementia have a
Sally Enoh Anthony Lang Biology 1A Lab October 15, 2015 Alzheimer Disease Alzheimer Disease, the most common form of dementia (to a group of symptoms affecting the brain), is a neurological disorder affecting an individual’s memory, thinking skills, and ability to conduct simply everyday tasks. Alzheimer Disease is irreversible, and no cure has been established. Dr. Alois Alzheimer-the individual in which the disease is named after-detected Alzheimer in 1906 from a woman with abnormal clumps and tangled neurofibrillary (Castellani 2010). These characteristics of the brain are now directly associated with Alzheimer Disease. There are essentially two forms of the disease. Both experience the same symptoms, but one is early onset and the second is late onset. In early onset Alzheimer Disease, symptoms develop as early as 30 years of age. Late onset AD, the most common form, develops at sixty years of age and older. A family history of the disease does improve the individual’s probability of experiencing symptoms. The progression of this paper will consist of the medical changes caused by Alzheimer, how an individual can obtain it, and lastly prevention methods discovered throughout the years.
Assignment1 300745000 Seunghyo Hong Case1 1. What happened to Claire Lewis? She had a surgery to remove tumor at Hamilton General Hospital. Then she was transferred to McMaster University Medical Center to recover. However, that time to transfer her between hospital, her medical records did not go with her. MUMC`s staff did not know what drug she had gotten and how much, she was misdiagnosed with diabetes insipidus. As a result, her brain stem was crushed by excessive fluid and she was brain dead.
Dementia is considered globally health challenge. A significant increase of people having dementia is increasing yearly which is proportion to the population of New Zealand. According to Ministry of Health (n.d), dementia means loss of memory function due to the physical change of the brain. Extensive research and further improvement
Alzheimer’s disease is mostly common in middle aged people it is called “the disease of the old”. Although it affects people in their 30s and 40s most are not aware of the disease. One in ten people age of 65 has the disease, and half of the people over 85.
Body. Lidia One could even notice she was very sad, so sad that she made a video that if one day she could not remember this information or her family. Instead, she never gave up, but every day she forgot something new, but her family was always there, especially her husband who loved her very much. Subsequently, the symptoms of her illness became very hard and were increasing till the point that she forgot where she was, where the bathroom was, among other