Ir A Middle Eastern Country Of The Persian Revolution

2063 Words Nov 8th, 2014 9 Pages
Bennett David
Mr. Dowling
Honors Empires & Encounters
26 October 2014
Iran
A middle-eastern country of over seventy-five million people (“World”), the country of Iran has undergone many government reforms in the past century and been a major force in international relations.
In the late 19th century, Iran (then named Persia) was in the midst of the Persian Constitutional Revolution. Taking place from 1905-1907, the revolution was the result of citizen unrest with the Persian government, especially the lack of limits of power of the Shah, and the spending choices of the current Shah, Mozaffar ad-Din. In 1906, the Shah signed a constitution largely based on the Belgian Constitution (Abrahamian, Loc 849). In the 1910s, Persia had a neutral stance during World War I, but there was still fighting and chaos in the area (Abrahamian, Loc 1035). In 1921, a man named Reza Khan lead a British-orchestrated coup to occupy Tehran, as part of an effort to gain control of all military forces in Persia. Khan soon became war minister, the highest ranking military official (Abrahamian, Loc 1094), and would become prime minister in 1923 (Abrahamian, Loc 153). Reza Khan was a self-educated military commander who had risen through the ranks of the Iranian military. Khan would be was granted the title of Shah in 1925 and would found the Pahlavi dynasty (Abrahamian, Loc 1126). He achieved a great deal during his reign, including expanding areas of trade, but eventually became disliked by many…
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