Iran Essay

2870 WordsOct 20, 200812 Pages
The United States and Iran (then Persia) relations began in the late 1800’s. King Nasser-al-Din Shah sent an ambassador to Washington D.C. although Americans had been traveling to Iran since the mid 1800’s (1,1). From the late 1800’s till World War II, relations were very friendly and many of the representatives for Iran saw the United States as a “third force” in there drive to break free from the British and Russian dominance in Persian affairs (1,1). The United States relations with Iran led was very costly as it led to many highly appointed officials to be killed by those affiliated with the British and Russian influence (1,1). Although relationships with the United States were very friendly for more than half a century, many changes…show more content…
The Shah responded to Carter’s wishes by releasing 357 political prisoners, censorship was relaxed, and the court system reformed (12,4). When the Shah loosened the restrictions it led to more campaigns by the opposition (12). Writers campaigned for freedom of thought and people began demonstrating (10,5). Many lawyers came together to publicize the SAVAK (Shah’s secret police who killed or arrested any competition rising to power -- help formed by the U.S.) torture and to monitor prison conditions (10,5). Many mysterious murders of powerful leaders against the Shah were all pointed to the SAVAK (12,4). The first stages of the Iranian Revolution began in 1978. At the time, those who opposed the Shah came mostly from the urban middle class (12,4). The public continued to get even angrier with the Shah when he introduced martial law and banned all demonstrations (12,4). On Friday September 8 of 1978 a massive protest broke out in Tehran, what became known as Black Friday, the regime broke out in full force using all kinds of weaponry, killing hundreds of protesters (12,4). Throughout the month of December many protest continued and hundreds of thousands were killed each day yet the number of protesters continued to increase (12,4). The army began to turn to the protesters side and they began taking over the military bases (12,4). When the Shah agreed to introduce a constitution and appoint a new

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