Iran is one of the World’s oldest countries. There is evidence of settlements in Iran that go

1800 WordsApr 23, 20198 Pages
Iran is one of the World’s oldest countries. There is evidence of settlements in Iran that go almost 5,000 years ago. Land of green valleys and barren deserts in the Middle East of Asia. Tehran is the capital and country largest city. Know first as the Persian Empire not only Iran but in a vast territory of southwestern Asia and parts of Europe and Africa. Foreign powers have occupied Iran from time to time since the early years. The most important invasion is the one of the mid 600’s when Muslim Arabs took charge of the country having a lasting effect on its culture. The Muslim Caliphs (religious leaders) are the first ones to govern the country for about 200 years. During the Muslim Arab reign, the Islamic faith spread throughout…show more content…
There are 30 Ostans (provinces) for purposes of local government and each one has a governor appointed by the national government and a council that elected by the Ostans voters. The Iran government does not allow any formal political parties to operate freely in Iran. The Iranian government must officially approve all the candidates before allowed them to run for office. Iran’s military forces consist of regular Armed forces, Revolutionary Guards, the Militia, and the Police Force. The Armed Forces are made up of an Army, Navy and Air Force. The Revolutionary guards carry many of the same functions as the regular Military Forces. The Militia is use mainly to put down the violent challenges to the government. In addition, the Police Force handles the routine security duties. About two-thirds of the Iranian people are descendants of Asian people called Aryans. Tribes of Aryans began migrating to Iran from the plains of central Asia during 1500’s B.C. Persians are the largest ethnic group of Aryan origin and make about 60 percent of Iran’s population. Most Persians live in central Iran and on the slopes of the surrounding mountains. Other ethnic group believed to be descended from the Aryans includes the Gilanis and Mazandaranis of the north, the Kurds of the northwest, the Lurs and Bakhtiaris of the west, and the Baluchis of the southeast. Other Iranian ethnic group includes the Azerbaijanis, the Khamseh, the Qashqias, and the

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