Iron Age Hoplite Warfare and Democracy

2443 WordsMar 7, 200510 Pages
Iron Age Hoplite Warfare brings about the First Democratic Societies in Archaic Age Greece, Following the Role of Monarchy, Feudalism and the Aristocracy As per the coverage in our course, in the Persian War, a Greek force from Athens set out to meet the invading Persian army at Marathon, and set them running. They were outnumbered by the Persians two to one, and the Persian army had been the biggest force the Greeks had ever seen. The majority of the killing took place while the Persians were hastily retreating to their ships. With only 192 dead, the Greeks reduced the Persian force by 7,000 men; however, the remaining 13,000 soldiers were still a sizable threat if they should sail down and enter Athens proper, and so the Greek army…show more content…
They accomplished this by dividing up the remaining powers of the king, such as leading the military, and acting as Chief Judge. The aristocracy clearly ran things at this time, for although they restricted each other from gaining too much power by limiting offices to one year terms, it was only the nobles who could participate in this system. There were those in the Mesoi who in fact had more money than many nobles, and yet they did not have a political voice. Aristocratic control reigned Supreme for the first centuries of the Archaic Age. It was at this time that we have the insights of ancient sources, written by Hesiod, who's father dug himself out of being poor by becoming a merchant. Able to buy a piece of land, the wealth in land that was left to Hesiod and his brother, making them representative of the common man found in Greece at the time. His "Works and Days" not only shares the details of being a farmer, it also reveals the strife between classes at the time: the "bitterness [felt] for the [bribe-swallowing] nobility that was in charge of

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